Makara Sankranthi | 2020
Sankranti harvest festival dedicated to SUN GOD. Sankranti means a new beginning peace & prosperity. Sankranti is additionally a definite identity of the crop in India. Sankranti is one of the oldest and most vibrant festivals in India. it’s believed to be 8000 years old, it’s seen by different names in several parts of the country in several ways in January.
It is called by different names in several states, but the sensations remain an equivalent. Things like jaggery, coconut, milk, and rice are commonly utilized in homes to form offerings for the festival. Makar Sankranti also marks the top of winter, and it’s around this point that the times begin to urge longer and warmer.
Regional Name: –
Since India is mainly a country of agrarian society, Sankranti is celebrated in different parts of India with different rituals.
Many harvest festivals are celebrated here. The festival is celebrated all over India on the same day, but each region has different names. However, crop festivals, bonfires, and banquets are common to all celebrations of Sankranti. The discussion here is about the various names of Pongal and their special celebrations that are prevalent in India.
Other names for Sankranti: –
In Karnataka, there is a harvest festival, a New Year and a festival of happiness and a celebration of embracing the family of friends and neighbors, servants and the poor, cows and then all living beings.
In Tamil Nadu, people celebrate Pongal in four days. Freshly chopped rice is cooked and this preparation is called Pongal.
Two women praying for cattle with Pongal festival in Tamil Nadu, India
The people of the Northern states of India celebrate this day as Makar Sankranti. The most exciting thing about this festival is kite flying. People believe the wind direction will change that day, so they can fly colorful kites into the streets and catch as many as possible.
On the Pongal, the chalk patterns of the sun god are drawn. As the Thai auspicious month is taking place, the sun is worshiped.
In Punjab, people celebrate Lohri in January, which they believe is the coldest day of the year. In the cool breeze, they dance the bhangra around the fire that fills the cane, the rice, and the sesame. People sing folk songs about the good harvest, which is a blessing of the gods.
Bihu / Bohagio Bhishu
It is the biggest festival of the Assamese people practicing the three Bihu. The three Beehas celebrate the festive season and the major crops in Assam at different stages of rice cultivation.
The first day is a rain god in honour of happiness to Lord Indra. Much has been said about this day. The day starts with a sesame oil bath and there is an evening bonfire in which all household items are burned.
It coincides with the harvest festival – Tamil Thanksgiving. This is done to honor the harvest of the abundance of the sun. Families rejoice and share their happiness and harvest with others.
The first day is the Poki Festival, where old items are removed and discarded. Since rain plays an important role in our life, natural rain is respected and the first day of the celebration is called Poki Utsav.
Hadag festival in Maharashtra is a prayer for good monsoon and a good harvest. Since Indra is the god of rain, people sing songs to Indra and pray for rain. Images of elephants who are the Lord’s vehicles are drawn everywhere to welcome the Lord.