The 5 types of warehouses:
1. Private Warehouses
2. Public Warehouses
3. Bonded Storage
4. Co-operative Warehouses
5. Distribution Centres
Warehousing and logistics are two different sides of the same coin. Warehousing is the safe & economical storage of goods, inventory, information, etc. Within a specified area or building. Logistics is generally the detailed organization and implementation of a complex operation in different management times.
These warehouses are owned, managed and controlled by Co-operative societies. These societies provide storage facilities on the most economical rates for their members only. The basic purpose to run such warehouses is not to earn profits but to help their members.
These warehouses are owned, managed, and controlled by the government as well as private agencies. Bonded warehouses are storage facilities used to store imported goods for which import duty is still to be paid. The bonded warehouses which are run by private agencies have to obtain a license from the government.
Globally, it has been seen that these warehouses are found near the ports and are usually owned by dock authorities. Bonded warehouses are subject to two types of taxes: (a) Excise duty and (b) Custom duty.
These types of storage facilities usually have a large space, which enables the fast movement of large quantities of stores for a short period. While, on the other hand, conventional warehouses hold goods for a long time, say 2 months or 1 year.
These warehouses basically by nature, serve as points in the distribution system at which goods are procured from different suppliers and quickly transferred to various customers.
To minimize delivery time, these storage facilities are found close to transportation centers.
These warehouses are owned by the government and semi-government bodies and are made available to private firms to store goods on payment of rent. The public warehouses are usually set up to help small traders who are not in a position to have their warehouses due to financial constraints. Retailers sometimes due to increased sales even find their private warehouses insufficient if their facilities have reached capacity or if they are making a special, huge purchase of products for some reason. Anyone can avail of these facilities to solve its short-term distribution needs.
These are owned and managed by the channel suppliers (manufacturers/traders) and resellers and are used exclusively for their distribution activities.
Warehouse Services are growing fast and today the concept of 3PL or third-party logistics has arisen. A manufacturer can concentrate on his core production process and outsource the storage and handling of goods to someone else. This third party would take care of the entire logistics right from shifting goods to their storage center, safe storage, and tracking and even dispatch of goods to clients.